How to Perform Ablution

“O you who have believed, when you rise to prayer, wash your faces and your forearms to the elbows and wipe over your heads and wash your feet to the ankles. And if you are in a state of janabah, then purify yourselves. But if you are ill or on a journey or one of you comes from the place of relieving himself or you have contacted women and do not find water, then seek clean earth and wipe over your faces and hands with it. Allah does not intend to make difficulty for you, but He intends to purify you and complete His favor upon you that you may be grateful”

(Al-Ma’idah 5:6)


No prayer is valid without ablution No ablution is valid without intention. No intention is sound without sincerity. And sincerity lies within the heart not on the tongue, and the use of the tooth stick for cleaning one's teeth is conveniently possible

Bismillah (In the name of Allah)

It is Sunnah to begin ablution with Bismillah, mentioning the name of Allah we wash the hands 3 times, starting from the fingertips to the wrist joints we wash the hands up to the wrist 3 successive times we start with the right hand, washing it 3 times. Then the left hand, washing it 3 times, it is also permissible to alternate, washing the right hand, then the left; the right then the left, and so on, making sure that water goes in between our fingers.

Then, we move on to rinsing the mouth and sniffing water into the nose rinsing the mouth is done by taking some water into the mouth and swishing it around, then spitting it out. As to sniffing water it is done by inhaling some water into the nose, then blowing it out using the left hand.

It is Sunnah to do this thoroughly, unless we are fasting or we fear some harm from it there's two ways to rinse the mouth and sniff water doing them together by taking a handful of water, and using half of it for rinsing the mouth and sniffing with the other half; we swish the water in the mouth, then spit it out, then we blow out the water we sniffed using the left hand. We do this 3 times using three handfuls of water doing them separately by taking one handful of water and using it all to rinse the mouth, and then spit it out then taking another handful and sniffing it in, then blowing it out using the left hand. After rinsing the mouth and sniffing water into the nose comes washing the face.

The borders of the face extend lengthwise from the usual hairline down to the end of the chin and widthwise from one ear to the other it is obligatory to wash all facial hair, like the light beard, the mustache, the eyebrows, the eyelashes and the hair that grows below the lower lip.

There're two ways for washing the face, the first is that we fill the two cupped hands with water and wash the whole face with it from the hairline to the end of the chin and from the right ear to the left ear.

If the beard is thick it's Sunnah to insert the wet fingers through it we do this 3 times for perfection or twice or at least once which is the obligation the second way is that we take water in the right hand only and put it on the face then we wash the face using both hands as in the first way we do this 3 times.

Following the correct order and washing the body parts in ablution is obligatory and so is washing them in succession without a break we wash them one after the other without changing the order and without interruption.

After washing the face we move to washing the arms the part of the arms that must be washed is from the fingertips to and including the elbows. We start with the right hand from the fingertips and we wash from the fingers by intertwining the hands, then we let the water reach the elbow. Then, we wash the left hand in the same way, from the fingertips to the elbows.

Next, is wiping the head, we wet both hands with new water then we place then in the front of the head and we pass them to the back of the head and then return them to the front.

There is no difference in this regard between a bald person and someone who has hair.

Then we wipe the ears with what is left of water on our hands after wiping the head we do this once only to wipe the ears we insert the index finger inside the ears and wipe them at the same time we use the thumbs to wipe the back of the ears

Thus, cleaning the front and the back, then, we move on to washing the feet.

The area that must be washed is from the toes tips up to and including the ankles, so washing the heels is obligatory. We start with the right foot washing between the toes and making sure to wash the heel, ankle and top of the foot. Then, we wash the left foot in the same way, not forgetting to wash between the toes and making sure to wash the heel and ankle fully.


I bear witness that there's no god but Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.

(Narrated by Muslim)

It id Sunnah after ablution to recite dhikr and supplication and to add the following...

O Allah make me one of those who often repent, and make me one of those who often purify themselves.

(Narrated by At-Tirmidhi)

Glory and praise be to You, O Allah, I bear witness that there's no god but You. I ask You your forgiveness and repent to You.

(Narrated by An-Nasa'i)